The natural population decline in Russia this year will be a record high in 11 years. This was reported by RBC with reference to the data of the Federal State Statistics Service, according to which for ten months of 2019 it amounted to almost 260 thousand people.
The influx of migrants for nine months amounted to 193 thousand people and will not be able to compensate for the natural decline. Thus, the population of Russia from January to September decreased by 44 thousand people.
This indicator drops for the second year in a row: in 2018, for the first time in ten yers, the paopulation decreased by 96 thousand people.
The main reason for the natural decline, which continues to accelerate since 2016, is considered to be a decrease in the birth rate, writes RBC. It is recorded in 80 of 85 Russian regions. At the same time, the possibilities of ensuring natural population growth by stimulating fertility are limited, since the number of women of reproductive age is declining in Russia. At the beginning of 2019, it did not exceed 35 million people.
The natural population decline in Russia will continue until at least 2023, according to the forecast of socio-economic development of Russia for 2020–2022, which was submitted to the State Duma in October. According to the document, one can count on natural population growth only since 2024. The population of Russia by 2024 can reach about 149 million people.
Ensuring natural sustainable population growth is one of the national goals, which was set in the May decree of President Putin. This year it will not be completed.
Since 2015, the statistics of the state agency take into account the population of Crimea (about two million people). Since the annexation of the peninsula by Russia in 2014, the population of the peninsula has declined by about 50 thousand people. In calculating the data, Rosstat also uses the demographic indicators of the peninsula, which may affect the overall statistics.